Scientific name: Baliospermum montanum. Name in different languages:- English: Red physic nut, wild croton, wild castor, wild sultan seed. Sanskrit: danti, dantika, dirgha, erandhapatrika. Hindi: Dandi. Telugu: adavi amudamu. Tamil: pey-amanakku. Kannada: damti. Malayalam: Naagadandi, cheriyadanthi.
Red physic nut belongs to the euphorbaceae family. The Scientific name of Red physic nut is Baliospermum montanum. This plant is used for treating constipation and burn injuries. It is used to treat abdominal disorders. This forms an ingredient in the ayurvedic medicine Abhayarishtam. The leaves of Red physic nut are big and the plant attains a height less than 1 meter. Baliospermum montanum (Red physic nut) blooms in the month of December- January , and the flowers are light yellow in color.
The reproduction of this plant can be done using seeds or by planting the stem. Sandy soil with water content is ideal for this plant to grow. Baliospermum montanum (Red physic nut) grows in any soil with good amount of organic matter. Also this can be grown in coastal areas which has good mineral content. Sunlight is an essential element for the growth of Baliospermum montanum (Red physic nut), and can be grown along with other crops.
Let us discuss the reproduction in Red physic nut using seeds. The seeds are collected from the plat in the month of March and wrapped in a cloth and kept in sunlight for a week. After that the outer shell is removed, and the seeds are kept in shade for 2 days. In polythene covers of 20 cm length, add a mixture of soil and powdered cow dung up to 3/4th and sow 2 seeds each in a cover. Watering should be done as per requirements and when the plants attain a growth stage where it has 6 leaves, the young plants can be replanted. Dig a pit which is 50 cm in length, width and depth and add 5 kg dried powdered cow dung and mud and cover the pit. On top of it heap the mixture to 20 cm and remove he plant carefully from the cover and plant in the heap. For the first two days, the plants should be watered and protected from excessive sunlight. Baliospermum montanum (Red physic nut) can be reproduced using the stem of the plant in the same method mentioned above. The plants are to be planted at a distance of 2 meters each.
The roots of Baliospermum montanum (Red physic nut) have medicinal properties. The roots attain full growth in one and half years time. Usually Baliospermum montanum (Red physic nut) plants are free of any pest infestations and can be easily cultivated along with other crops in the household.