Scientific name: Barleria prionitis. Name in different languages:- English: porcupine flower, yellow Hedge Barleria. Gujarati: pilikantashelio. Hindi: katsareya, Vajradanti वज्रदंती. Gujarati: pilikantashelio. Kannada: Mullu Goranti. Tamil: Kundan குந்தன், Kattu Kangaambaram. Malayalam: Manjakanakambaram, Chemmulli, Kuttivetila, Shemmuli, Vennkurinjiveru.
Barleria prionitis is a shrub that can be easily grown in houses. The leaves are 8 cm long. Barleria prionitis is a tropical plant and found in the Indian subcontinent. They do not need any special care. It belongs to the Acanthaceae family.
Barleria prionitis is a plant we often come across. It contains elements of potash, ready to be assimilated in to the human body. The flowers of it contains chemicals like scutellarin-7. The leaves and stem contain elements of Acetal and Iridoid glycosides. The roots are ground to a paste and applied to cure inflammation of glands. To cure the allergic infection that affects the foot due to worms, during rainy season, the ground leaves of it are applied. It would be good to wash the affected area with salt water before and after applying the medicine. The decoction (kashayam )made from the leaves of barleria prionitis is used to cure discomfort due to rheumatism and phlegm.
Barleria prionitis is propagated through seeds only. The seeds are 2 cm long and are found at the tip of the branches along with flowers. The mature hairy seeds are used for propagation. The fruits can stay on the plant as long as 1year. Barleria prionitis is a plant that propagates by itself. The fruits are collected and dried in sunlight and used for planting. Platforms are made 1 meter wide and 25 cm high from the soil. The seeds are sown 2 cm deep in the soil, and at a gap of 10 cm each. Sincethe seeds are small, it is ideal to put a layer of sand on top of the sown seeds. Also it is nice to sprinkle turmeric powder in the soil to ward off ants. Watering should be done according to need. Barleria prionitis can be grown in pots and polythene covers as well. Use only organic manure like animal manure, ash, excreta of hen etc. once in a month, if the soil is not fertile. Barleria prionitis can be cultivated and harvested at any time of the year.