Scientific name: Hydnocarpus wightiana. Name in different languages: English: Chalmugra, Chaulmoogra, Jangli badam. Hindi: कालमोगरा Calmogara, Chalmogra, Chaulmoogra, Jangli badam. Sanskrit: Tuvaraka, Turveraka, Tuvrak, कुष्टवैरी Kushtavairi. Marathi: Kadu Kawath. Telugu: Niradi-vittulu. Tamil: Maravetti, Maravattai, Marotti. Kannada: Chalmogra yenne mara, Mirolhakai, Surti, Suranti, Toratti, Garudaphala. Malayalam: Kodi, Maravatty, Marotti, Nirvatta, Nirvetti.
Chaulmoogra (Marotti) is nature’s gift to treat skin diseases. Since ancient times, Chaulmoogra (marotti) is used for the treatment of leprosy. This tree is often called ‘Kushtavairi’ in Sanskrit. It is botanically called Hydnocarpus wightiana and belongs to the family Flacourtiaceae. Chaulmoogra (marotti) is found in the dense forests of the Indian subcontinent. The tree is identified with its big leaves, white flowers and medium fruits. Also the bark has a very pungent smell. The fruit carries 10 to 20 seeds. A type of essential oil and an acid called hydnocarpic acid is made from the seeds.
Chaulmoogra (marotti) grows very well in red and laterite soil with sunlight and moisture. Seeds are used for propagation. The seeds are pulpy in nature. The pulp has to mashed thoroughly from the ripe fruits and washed and dried for a week. The seeds should be soaked in water and immediately sown. Polythene covers are filled with top soil and powdered cow dung and seeds are sown. Proper shade and water should be provided or the saplings and when they attain 5 leaf stage, they can be replanted. In pits 50 cm deep, add powdered cow dung and soil and fill it. The saplings are planted in these pits and once in a year, compost can be added as extra manure. Chaulmoogra (marotti) is dependent on rainfall and so in hot summer watering is necessary. The oil we get from chalmugra (marotti) is applied on jackfruit leaf and heated and applied in areas with pain or spasms for good relief. The oil of chalmugra (marotti ) is an excellent medicine for skin diseases.