Scientific name: Coscinium fenestratum. Name in different languages: English: Tree turmeric, Columbo Weed, Flase calumba. Thai: Haem herb, Kheua haem, Haem khuay. Sanskrit: Daru Haridra. Malayalam: Maramanjal, Manjavalli, Marathi.
Coscinium fenestratum (Tree turmeric) is a woody climber that is found widely in the mangroves where the lake merges with the sea. Coscinium fenestratum (Tree turmeric) is the effective medicine for skin diseases. Tree turmeric is botanically called Coscinium fenestratum and belongs to the family Menispermaceae. The leaves of Coscinium fenestratum (Tree turmeric) are hard and hairy on the bottom side. This climber produces flowers and fruits. It is an effective remedy for itches and cracking of skin. The decoction made from Coscinium fenestratum (Tree turmeric) using its roots, fibres and barkhave the ability to cure Syphilis. The bark of it is made in to a paste with rice, when applied can cure the pain due to bites from poisonous creatures. For all tiredness of eyes, a mixture of Tree turmeric mixed with milk is a good medicine. The juice from the bark of it mixed with honey cures inflammation in liver. The decoction from roots, bark and fibres of tree turmeric or mashed plant applied directly can cure wounds as well as itches on the body.
Seeds are used for propagation in Coscinium fenestratum (Tree turmeric). Moist soil and shade is necessary for it to grow. The seeds are separated from the matured fruits. For planting, pits are made half a meter deep and filled with powdered cow dung and top soil and heaped at the top, where 2 seeds are planted at a time. Since it is a climber, support should be provided for growth. For the first 3 years, organic manure should be added timely. The roots and bark can be collected depending on the growth of the plant.