Scientific name: Abrus precatorius Linn. Name in different languages:- English: Crabs eye. Indonesian: Saga rambat. Sanskrit: Gunja. Hindi: Ratti, Gaungchi, Gunchi, Gunja. Tamil: Gundumani, Kundumani. Kannada: Gulaganji. Bengali: Kunch, Koonch. Malayalam: Kunni, Kunnikkuru.
Crabs eye (Kunnikkuru) has the botanical name Abrusprecatorius. This plant is considered to be poisonous, as the seeds of Crabs eye (Kunnikkuru) contain a protein which is toxic. But all the other parts of Kunni has medicinal value. The leaves of this plant are oval shaped with parrot green color. The seeds of Kunni are found usually in red color, but there are varieties that have white seeds as well. The ground leaf of Kunni is a good remedy for wounds and inflammation in the body. For skin infection and pre mature hair loss, the cure is to grind Kunni seeds in rice water and apply on the affected areas. The medicine from Kunni enhances the potency of men irrespective of their age. Medication should be done only after consulting an ayurvedic physician. The leaves stem and root of Kunni helps to control rheumatism.
Red soil and places near back waters are best regions for Kunni to grow. Even though they need sunlight, it can be grown as intermediary crop also. The seeds are used for reproduction in Kunni. Kunni blooms in abundance and by the month of December, the fruitsstart to dry. The fruits are collected and dried in direct sunlight for at least 1 week before separating the seeds. The seeds can be sown in moist soil or in polythene covers filled with soil. Within one week the seeds start to germinate, and when they attain a growth, it can be replanted. Dig a pit half a meter deep and fill it with soil and animal manure and plant the saplings in this pit. Watering should be done for at least 7 months. The month of August is good to plant Kunni plants. This plant can survive depending on rainfall. Since they have high resistance, Kunni plants are free of pest infestations.