Scientific name: Gymnema sylvestre. Name in different languages: English: gymnema, miracle fruit. Sanskrit: मधुनसिनी Madhunasini, कर्णिका Karnika, अजगंधिनी Ajaghandini. Hindi: मॆढ़शिंगी Medhashingi, छॊटा दूधीलता Chhota-dudhilata, गुढ़मार Gudmar, गुरमार Gurmar. Urdu: Gurmar Patta, Gurmar Booti, Gurmarگرمار Marathi: Kaoli, Bedaki, Kavali, Bedakuli, Kalikardori. Oriya: Meshasringi. Telugu: Podapatra, Bodaparta. Tamil: Kannu minnayam kodi pasaani, Kogilam, Adigam, Ayagam, Amudupushpam. Kannada: Sannagerasehambu, Sannagera, Kadhasige. Malayalam: Sarkarakolli, Chakkarakkolli, Chakkarakolli, Madhunasini, Madhunaasini.
Gymnema (chakkarakolli) is a climber which is known as ‘Madhunasini’ in Sanskrit and ‘Gudmar’ in Hindi. In English it is called Periploca of the woods. Gymnema (chakkarakolli) is botanically named Gymnema sylvestre which belongs to the family Asclepediaceae. The leaves of it are 4 cm long with a dark green color and the inflorescence are yellow coloured 10 cm in length. It is a well-known medicine for diabetes, due to its ability to control glucose levels in the blood. Also it has the ability to maintain the blood circulation in the body. The leaves of Gymnema (chakkarakolli) along with Lotus leaf, basil leaf, bael leaf, mashed together if taken daily before food can control diabetes and also relieve constipation. The leaves of it contains chemicals like hendriocondane, triacondane, gymnemic acid etc.
The fruits of Gymnema (chakkarakolli) mature by the month of December. The seeds are separated from the fruits and soaked in water over night and can be sown the next day. The seeds germinate in 2 weeks. Also the vines which develop root at nodes can be used for propagation. Ridges are made 30 cm from the ground level and the saplings are planted. The seeds can be germinated in polythene covers filled with potting mixture. The vines start having roots by 3 months and can be replanted at this stage. Pits are made half a meter deep and filled with powdered cow dung and top soil, where the saplings are planted. The vines should be kept in sunlight for 5 days before planting and the distance kept between vines should be one and half meters. The vines can be made to climb either on trees or barns are made for support. The leaves can be plucked as per need and used as medicine.