Scientific name: Vitex negundo. Name in different languages:- English: Five leaved chaste tree, Chaste tree, Chinese chastetree, Common Chaste Tree, huang ping, Negundo, Negundo Chaste-tree, negundo chastetree. French: Muguet bleu. Korean: Chom mok hyung. Hindi: nirgandi, Sambhalu, semari, shiwari. Sanskrit: Nirgundi; Sephalika, Sindhuvara, Svetasurasa. Assamese: Pochotia. Bengali : Nirgundi, Nishinda, Samalu. Gujarati: Nagoda, Shamalic. Kannada: Bile-nekki, nochi. Urdu: Sumbaloo. Marathi: Nirgunda. Telugu: Sindhuvara, Vavili, Nalla-vavili, Tella-vavili.Tamil: Chinduvaram, Nirnochchi, Nochchi, Notchi, Vellai-nochchi. Malayalam: Indrani, Karinochi, Nochi, Vellanocchi,Vellanochi, Vennocchi, Vennochi.
Vitex negundo is also known as Five leaved chaste tree. The botanical name of Five leaved chaste tree is Vitex negundo and it is an important medicinal plant of the Verbanaceae family. Five leaved chaste tree (Vitex negundo) grows to a height of about 7 meters and the leaves are arranged in the shape of a palm. The tip of the leaf is black in color and the rear side of the leaf has hair like structures on them. The veins on the leaves are blue black in color. The flowers of Five leaved chaste tree (Vitex negundo) is very attractive. The fruits are egg shaped and each fruit bears 4 seeds. Vitex negundo has been identified as an effective medicine against malaria and tuberculosis in Ayurveda since ancient times itself. The seeds of Five leaved chaste tree (Vitex negundo) contains hydroxyl benzoic acid.
Another medicinal compound found in the seeds is triacontane. The leaves of Five leaved chaste tree (Vitex negundo) is also medically important and it contains an oil. The leaves of Five leaved chaste tree (Vitex negundo) are chopped into small pieces and boiled with water. Dip a cloth in this water and apply on areas with pain and spasms for better relief. The vapours got from boiling karinochi leaves in water gives relief to asthmatic patients. Since this contains alkaloids,Vitex negundo is a good pain killer too.
Five leaved chaste tree (Vitex negundo) is an ingredient in medicines to treat different types of rheumatismas it has the ability to cure inflammation and pain seen in such diseases. For diseases related to back bone, the extract of Vitex negundo is mixed with castor oil and consumed for relief. For knee pain, the decoction made from the leaves is consumed and also the paste made from the leaves are applied on the affected area. The leaf of Five leaved chaste tree (Vitex negundo) is also used along with other medicines for making medicinal oils. The significance of this highly useful medicinal plant must be understood by all.