A major portion of the heliconia stem is usually found below the soil. The pseudo stem of the plant will appear above the soil. Heliconia is related to the plantain and has leaves and stem that resemble the latter. The 4 and half inch portion of the stem above the soil is taken for breeding. Ensure that there are tiny shoots sprouting from the stem. Or alternatively, you can choose an appropriate rhizome for the plant propagation.
The stem chosen for propagation must be from a mature plant. Some of the hybrid varieties yield lot of fruits and seeds. Ripe seeds or rhizomes must chosen for germination. A one feet deep pit must be made in the garden. A mixture of sand and red soil in the ratio 1:1 must added to this pit in such a way that the plant’s tip protrudes above the mixture. This same mixture of sand and red soil must be used for sowing seeds. The seeds will sprout in 5-6 months time. It is always advisable to breed via seeds to produce new hybrid varieties. Adequate sunlight must be provided. Special care must be taken to choose good hybrid varieties for breeding of a heliconia plant.