Scientific name: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. Name in different languages:- English: shoeblackplant, Chinese hibiscus, Chinese roos, Double rose-hibiscus, Rose-of-China, Shoebackplant. French: Chinesischer Roseneibisch. German: China-Hibiskus, Chinesischer Roseneibisch. Filipino: Gumamela. Portuguese: Hibisco Valter Jacinto, Rosa-da-China. Sinhala: Wada Mala, Sapaththu mala. Indonesian: Kembang Sepatu. Hindi: hibiskus roja. Bangla: Jaba. Oriya: Mandara. Punjabi: Salu. Telugu: Mamdaram. Tamil: Sembaruthi. Malayalam: chemparatti.
Hibiscus shoe flower is a medicinal plant found all over India. The botanical name of hibiscus is Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, and belongs to the Malvaceae family. It is also known as shoe flower plant and is also grown as an ornamental plant. The flowers of it are rich elements like ascorbic acid, niacin, riboflavin, thiamine etc. Also it has tri glucosides, cyanidine 3,5 etc. From earlier days itself, the value of it was known to all especially ladies. It enhances the growth of hair, while the leaves are used as a shampoo. Oil made using its flowers are used to treat skin problems.
Hibiscus shoe flower grows in all types of soil. It grows up to 5 meters in fertile soil. There is a large variety of hibiscus plant and the colours of the flowers are many. It needs sunlight to grow. The stems are used for reproduction. The stems are cut in 30 cm length and planted in polythene covers filled with soil mixture. They can be replanted once the roots are set and new leaves start sprouting. It has to be planted in places with good sunlight. In a pit with a dimension of 75 cm, add top soil and dried cow dung and plant the saplings in the centre. There should be no water logging in the place where it is planted. Water should be provided in enough quantity. It needs no extra care and also it has the ability to pull nutrients from other plants also. The main pests that affect are the mites or worms that infest the leaves. They have to be picked and destroyed. Hibiscus shoe flower has to be pruned during rainy season, if it is out grown.