Scientific name: Garcinia gummi-gutta or garcinia cambogia. Name in different languages:- English: Indian garcinia, Brindal Berry, Malabar tamarind. Sanskrit: Kankusta, Vrikshamla. Hindi: Bilatti amli. Tamil: Panampuli, Gorakkapuli. Kannada: Upagi Mara, Seeme Hunnise. Malayalam: Kodampuli, Kudapuli, Perumpuli, Marappuli, Gorakkapuli.
Indian garcinia or Kudampuli is a very useful medicinal herb. Indian garcinia (Kudampuli) is used as a condiment as well as a medicine. Indian garcinia or Kudampuli is mainly found in tropical countries like India and Srilanka. They grow in any type of land, be plains or riversides or hilly areas. This tree is resistant to dry summer as well as rainy monsoon. It is an excellent medicine against obesity. Indian garcinia fruit contains hydroxyl citric acid which helps to maintain strength and beauty. The seeds of its ripe fruit does not contain this acid even though the juice extract of its fruit is used in many ayurvedic medicines. Cultivating Indian garcinia or Kudampuli can be a good source of income.
Indian garcinia or Kudampuli plants are unisexual as there are male and female plants. Most of the plants that sprout from the seeds are male plants and they bear no fruits. A main drawback of indian garcinia or kudampuli is that only after 12 years , when the tree is ready for producing fruits, do we get to know whether this plant is male or female. So for propagation, it is ideal to use grafted plants from the female parent plant. Grafted plant can be got from reliable centres and these plants starts to produce fruits within three years. Normal harvesting begins only in 12 years.
A pit is made 1 meter deep, filled with top soil and dried animal manure and on top of it the grafted plants may be planted. Watering, de weeding, giving support etc. should be given on a timely basis. While planting the grafted plant, the grafted area should be above from the ground level. Since the indian garcinia or kudampuli grows to a tree, the distance between plants while planting should be at least 10 meters apart. Adding fertilizer to the indian garcinia or kudampuli tree should be done carefully.
In the first year, organic manure is added to the top soil, by drawing channels and in the 12th year, when the tree is ready to produce fruits, organic fertilizers are added 50 cm far from the trunk. In the 5th year, the plant should be pruned. The prescribed height for the tree at 8 years growth is 4 and ½ meters. It starts to bear fruit at the 12th year during the months of June-July. The ripe fruits of it are yellowish orange in color and once the fruits are plucked, the seeds are separated and the fruit is dried in sunlight. Next the fruit has to be smoke dried. Once the fruit of indian garcinia or kudampuli is dried, then, they are mixed with salt and coconut oil and kept again in sunlight and in such a way, indian garcinia or kudampuli can be preserved for months together.