Scientific name: Tylophora indica. Name in different languages:-English: Indian ipecacuanha, Indian Ipecac. Sanskrit: Arkaparni, Lataksiri, Shwasaghni. Hindi: Jangli pikvam, Antamul. Telugu: Kakapala, Tellayadala, Verripala. Tamil: Naippalai, Nancaruppan. Kannada: Antamula, Nipaladaberu. Bengali: Antamul. Malayalam: Vallippala.
Vallipala known as Indian ipecacuanha is a medicinal plant recognized by its soft and fleshy shiny green leaves, and small yellow flowers. From olden times itself the ayurvedic physicians used the plant vallipala (Indian ipecacuanha) to cure diseases like asthma. This plant grows best in places near to sea and backwaters. Vallipala belongs to the Asclepiadaceae family and its botanical name is Tylophoraindica.
For serious bouts of asthma, the medium seasoned leaves of Vallipala is chewed and consumed with hot water, as a remedy. This also prevents the attack of asthma for a long time. But this can cause side effects in some people. Itching in the cheeks and tongue, vomiting etc. are some symptoms. The leaves of Vallipala (Indian ipecacuanha) are mixed and ground with garlic and cuminseed(jeera) and rolled into tablets and can be stored in plastic covers. Since there are chances of side effects, it is advisable to take this medicine after consulting an ayurvedic physician. Tylophorin, Tylophorinine, Cetyl alcohol, Phytosterol etc. are some medicines found in Vallipala. So research is going on, regarding the use of Vallipala in the treatment of Leukaemia.
Vallipala grows well in sticky sandy soil. The soil should always retain moisture for Vallipala to grow well. Since this plant also needs less sunlight, it can also grown as an intermediary crop . A fully grown Vallipala plant does not need any manure or extra care. The plants are reproduced by sowing seeds. The fruits of Vallipala grows up to 11 cm long . These fruits are dried indirect sunlight for at least 6 days and the seeds are separated. This seeds are laid in a cloth and dried again in shade which has enough light and air. At suitable places, sow the seeds 2 cm deep in soil. Also we can see that small plants sprout from the roots of the mother plant. These plants can be taken carefully without damaging the roots and can be replanted .Vallipala needs support to stand on the ground.
While planting new plants separated from the mother plant, the pit should be at least half a meter deep and fill it with top soil and 3 kg animal manure and make a heap 25 cm high above the pit and accordin to the width of the heap , we can plant 2 or 3 plants. After planting water the plants adequately and also provide support. After a stage of growth, Vallipala survives on its own. Such valuable medicinal plant has to be grown by us for our benefit.