Scientific name: Phyllanthus niruri. Name in different languages:- English: Tonebreaker, Seed-Under-Leaf. Spanish: chanca piedra. Portuguese: quebra-pedra. Sanskrit: Tamalaki, Bhoomyamalaki, Bhoodhatri, Bahupatra. Hindi: Jangli amli, Jaramla. Telugu: నేల ఉసీరీnela usiri. Tamil: கீழாநெல்லி keezha nelli, Kannada: ನೆಲ ನೆಲ್ಲಿnela nelli. Malayalam: Keezharnelli, Kirutanelli, Kizhar nelli.
Keezharnelli (Jaramla) is an unavoidable herb in ayurvedic medicine. It is a wonder medicine in treating diseases affecting the liver. Jaramla is botanically named Phyllanthus niruri & belongs to the family Euphorbiaceae. Keezharnelli (Jaramla) contains chemicals like phyllanthin and hypophyllanthin which have high medicinal value which constitutes the main ingredient in the medicines made for cough, phlegm, asthma etc. The roots are used in many medicines to treat urinary tract disorders and diarrhoea.
Keezharnelli (Jaramla) grows on its own in all compounds. It is necessary to understand its value and cultivate this plant. Jaramla can be grown in all types of soil and it prefers rainfall. The seeds are used for propagation. The seeds are collected by wrapping the dried plant in paper or thin cloth and keeping in sunlight. Plough the soil and mix cattle manure and then sow the seeds on small platforms made. Seeds are mixed with sand while sowing since they are very small. Watering should be done nicely at this stage. The seeds sprout in one week. In 40 days, the saplings can be replanted keeping a distance of 12 cm from each other. Keezharnelli (Jaramla) needs no extra fertilizer and if the soil is not fertile enough, cattle manure can be added. The plant grows in 2 and half months and as the plant grows the leaves decrease. As the leaves are having high medicinal value, it is necessary to harvest at the right time.