Scientific name: Jasminum grandiflorum. Name in different languages:- English: Spanish jasmine, Royal jasmine, Catalonian jasmine, Poet’s jasmine. French: Jasmin à grandes fleurs. Swedish: luktjasmin. Sanskrit: Malati, Jati. Hindi: चमेली. Marathi: जाई. Malayalam: Pichakam.
Jasminum grandiflorum (Spanish jasmine) can be grown in any type of soil, provided we give good manure. Usually Jasminum grandiflorum (Spanish jasmine) prefers regions with dry climate. The stems are used for propagation and in certain cases, this plant can be propagated by grafting also. For planting the Jasminum grandiflorum (Spanish jasmine) stem, we need to prepare a pit with half a meter depth and it should be filled with dried and powdered cow dung mixed with top soil. The top portion of the pit is heaped 20 cm high above the ground and on this the stem is planted. The distance between each stem must be 2 meters apart. Jasminum grandiflorum (Spanish jasmine) should not be planted in monsoon season.
Neem oil cake and cow dung are given as additional fertilizer mixing with soil, a bit far from the base of the plant.Water should be given only if needed. For improving the resistance of the Jasminum grandiflorum (Spanish jasmine) plant, providing half a litre of cow’s urine diluted with 10 litres of water will be ideal. The base of the plant is covered with dry leaves and husk before summer. During the month of January, the Jasminum grandiflorum (Spanish jasmine) plant should be pruned at a height of half a meter and during this period enough watering and manure should be provided. Also the plants are covered with wet cotton cloth and made like a tent and smoke is provided by burning coconut husk. This stimulates the plant and helps in producing lot of flower buds. This process of smoking should be continued for at least 3 days. Within a week the Jasminum grandiflorum (Spanish jasmine) plant will be full of flowers.
Jasminum grandiflorum (Spanish jasmine) is also prone to diseases. In places where is less sunlight, there are chances for the plant to be affected with rotting of buds. The remedy for this is to apply 1% Bordeaux mixture on the affected area or to cut and remove the damaged area. The juice extract of panikoorka mixed with gruel water and turmeric powder is applied on the Jasminum grandiflorum (Spanish jasmine) plant when there is ample sun light to prevent pest infestations.