Scientific name: Cymbopogon citratus. Name in different languages:- English: Lemon Grass, citronella grass, barbed wire grass, Oil grass, West Indian lemon grass, fever grass. Sanskrit: Bhustrina. Hindi: Gandhatrina. Telugu: Nimmagaddi. Bengali: Gandhabena. Gujarati: Lilicha. Marathi: Olecha. Tamil: Karppurappul. Kannada: Majjigehullu. Malayalam: Vasana Pullu, Sambarapullu.
Lemon grass (fever grass) is known by the genus Cymbopogon and many varieties are found all over the world and belongs to the Poaceae family. Lemon grass (fever grass) is a herbal medicine used to treat rheumatic complaints and muscular spasms, from old times itself. As age increases, it is very common for people to have muscular pain and spasms. A remedy for this is to boil it in water and a cloth is dipped in this water and kept on the affected area. It is also a good medicine to ward off the gastric troubles in the body. The element citral present in it is used for the absorption of Vitamin A. For symptoms associated with cold like throat pain and running nose, it is good cure. The vapours that come while boiling it in water is used for this. Lemon grass oil is made by distilling the leaves of lemon grass plant.
Lemon grass (fever grass) grows in abundance in forest areas, where the soil has high organic content. Moisture in soil and sunlight is essential for it to grow. It reproduces very fast through sprouts. Sometimes, it may flower and produce seeds as well. Reproduction is done through seeds also. The earth should be ploughed thoroughly, where we cultivate it. It can be cultivated at any season if there is enough irrigation facility. Saplings should be planted at a distance of 30 cm and while ploughing the land we must add organic manure to the soil. It can be harvested after 3 years. During this period, we can extract its oil with high content of citral. Leaves can be plucked every year. After harvest, proper irrigation and manure must be provided for lemon grass.