Scientific name: Oroxylum indicum. Name in different languages:- English: Indian Trumpet Flower, broken bones plant, tree of Damocles. Russian: oroksilum indijskij. Sanskrit: Shyonaka, Aralu. Hindi: Dirghavrinta, Kutannat, Bhut-vriksha, Manduk Putivriksha, Shallaka,Shuran, Vatuk. Hindi: Dirghavrinta, Kutannat, Bhut-vriksha, Manduk putivriksha, Shallaka,Shuran, Vatuk. Telugu: Tundilamu, manduka-parnamu, suka-nasamu. Tamil: Achi Pana, arandei, paiyaralandai, palagaipayani, palaiyudaycci, peiarlankei, vangam. Kannada: Bunepaale, tigadu. Malayalam: Aralu, palakapayyani, palaqapayyani, payyazhantha, vellapathiri, valpathiri, vellappathiri, veluthapathiri, vashrppathiri.
The Indian trumpet flower tree has the botanical name Oroxylum indicum. It belongs to the dashamoola category of Ayurveda medicine. Oroxylum indicum has been used as a medicine to cure wounds as well rheumatism, since ancient times. The roots of oroxylum indicum have medicinal properties. The outer skin of the roots, are thick and have a greenish brown color while the inner part of the roots are light pink. The seeds of oroxylum indicum have wings. The roots and skin have elements like pectin, chloroform, and alakaloids. The decoction made from the roots of oroxylum indicum can curerheumatism, inflammation, stomach ache, and also skin infections.
The tree oroxylum indicum, grows well in red soil, although this can be cultivated in all types of soil. Seeds are used for propagation. The fruits have winged seeds inside them. The fruits have to be plucked before it breaks, and have to be wrapped in a cloth and dried in sunlight. Within a week, the seeds breaks out of the fruit and these are dried in shade and used for propagation. Seeds of oroxylum indicum can be stored up to 3 months. It is quite easy to have a tree that grows on its own, in our house compound. For cultivating oroxylum indicum , platforms are made 20 cm high from the ground level and seeds are sown at a depth of 2 cm. The seeds should be sown at a gap of 20 cm. Also the saplings that sprout under the mother tree can also be uprooted and replanted. The months from May and August are the most ideal for planting. While planting saplings, make a pit half a meter deep and fill with dried cow dung and top soil. Watering is very important during the first year after planting and later oroxylum indicum grows on its own. The roots and bark of roots are harvested after 10 years from planting. The trees are cut to take the roots and the trunk is used to make match sticks.