Scientific name: Saraca asoca. Name in different languages:- English: Ashoka tree, Sorrowless tree. Burmese: Thawgabo, Thawka. Sinhala: Diyaratmal, Diyeratembela. Thai: Sokanam. Nepalese: Ashau, Ashok. Sanskrit: Ashoka, Anganapriya, Apashaka, Gandapushpa, Hemapushpa, Madhupushpa, Pindipushpa, Pindapushpa, Vichitra, Vanjula, Vishoka. Hindi: Vand ichitrah, Sita ashoka. Assamese: Ashok. Bengali: Oshok. Oriya: Ashoka. Gujarati: Ashopalava. Tamil :Acokam. Telugu: Asokamu, vanjulamu. Kannada: Achenge, Akshth, Ashanke, Kenkalimara. Malayalam: Asokam.
Saraca asoca (ashoka tree) is considered as a divine tree since ancient times and is revered by Hindus and Buddhists equally. It is well known that Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment under the saraca asoca (ashoka tree). Saraca asoca (ashoka tree) is medically used for gynaecological disorders since ancient times. The bark of saraca asoca (ashoka tree) contains chemicals like tannin and catechol and also an oil and elements like calcium, and certain steroids, which are used to cure abdominal ailments, piles etc. The botanical name of the Ashoka tree is Saraca asoca.
The essence that is extracted from the bark of saraca asoca (ashoka tree) has the ability to destroy germs. The decoction (kashayam) made from the bark of Ashoka, the skin of the root, flower etc. are used to cure gynaecological disorders in women like excessive bleeding and leucorrhoea. Applying the oil which is boiled along with the flowers of Ashoka is good remedy against skin infections in children.
Saraca asoca (ashoka tree) grows up to 10 meters. The inflorescence is orange in color. It can be grown in any type of soil. It needs 75% sunlight for good growth. The fruit of it contain s up to 8 seeds. The fruits are plucked when they start drying and kept in sunlight for 2 days. After this the separated seeds are dried in shade for 4 days. The seeds should be sown only after 10 days from plucking. Seeds are sown in polythene covers of size 15 by 20 cm, and 2 seeds are sown in a cover. Water should be provided so that the soil does not dry off. When the sapling attains 4 leaf stage, they are ready for replanting. The month of August is ideal for replanting. In a pit 50 cm deep, add dried cow dung and compost are mixed with top soil and filled up to 30 cm high and in this a smaller pit is made and the sapling is planted. Watering should be done in order to retain moisture of the soil. Every year, manure should be provided at least 3 times. For each plant, 1 kg of powdered cow dung, 2 kg of compost, ¼ kg of bone meal are added as manure, mixing with the soil. If nurtured well, Ashoka tree will yield large amount of flowers.