Scientific name: Stereospermum chelonoides. Name in different languages: English: Fragrant Padri Tree. Nepali: jinghal, parhori, Kuber bacha. Sanskrit: patala, kastapatala. Hindi: padeli. Assamese: paroli, parhori, ser phang. Marathi: kalgari, kalagori, paadal. Telugu: ambuvaasini, goddalipukusu, gallugudu, isakarasi. Tamil: ambuvagina, pathiriver, pumbadiri, padiri. Kannada: bili paadri, giri, adri, hadari. Malayalam: patiri, karanyavu karannavu, kacasthali.
Stereospermum chelonoides (Fragrant padri tree) is a constituent of the Dashamoola medicines. It is binomially called Stereopermum chelonoides, belonging to the Bigoniaceae family. The root, bark and flowers have medicinal benefits. The chemical Lapachol present in Fragrant padri tree has the ability to prevent cancer. This plant also can cure the pain and inflammation in the body. The decoction made from the roots of Fragrant padri is given to patients with rheumatism. The ash got from burning the root and bark of padri tree mixed with water and taken, can rectify the blockage in the urinary tract. The flowers of Stereopermum chelonoides (Fragrant padri tree) contains carbohydrates and fats.
Even though Stereospermum chelonoides (Fragrant padri tree) is found in forest areas, it can be cultivated in compounds too. They grow very well in soil rich in organic content. The seeds are used for propagation. The matured fruits are plucked and wrapped in a cloth and kept in sunlight for a week. After this, they are left in shade for 6 days. The seeds are later sown in polythene covers filled with potting mixture (sand, powdered cow dung & top soil). The Stereospermum chelonoides (Fragrant padri tree) plants are re planted after 1 year.
In pits half a meter deep, add a mixture of powdered cow dung and top soil and fill to the top. A mix of dry leaves and mud are heaped at the top of the pit and this is left as such for 10 days and later the saplings are planted. Adequate support and water should be provided at this time and they can survive on their own after 2 years. Parts of the padri tree can be taken for home remedies after 5 years but the harvest time is 10 years from planting. At this time, the tree is cut and parts are collected for medicinal uses.